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FURTHER STUDIES IN THE UNITED KINGDOM




Overseas student fees outpace inflation



Anthea Lipsett

Tuesday May 20, 2008

EducationGuardian.co.uk

Universities and colleges in the UK are putting up fees for international students faster than inflation, charging up to £650 more this year, according to new figures compiled for EducationGuardian.co.uk.

Universities charge international postgraduates in arts subjects £9,858 on average in 2008 - an inflation-busting rise of a rise of 5.2% on last year's £9,373. In science subjects, the fee rise is 6.2% or £11,245 in 2008, compared with £10,591 in 2007.

International undergraduates starting arts degrees in 2008 face fees of £9,502, up from £9,071 in 2007, a rise of 4.8% - while the fee rise for those studying science degrees is 3% to an average of £10,384 per year, up from £10,080 last year.

The increases come on top of fees that are already inflated for international students. The director of the Higher Education Policy Institute, Bahram Bekhradnia, published a report last year warning that universities could price themselves out of the market, with 25% of overseas students complaining they get poor value for money.

An updated report out later this week will warn that if the price of courses becomes more of an issue for international students in an increasingly competitive global market, the UK could stand to lose out.

According to the figures, published on EducationGuardian.co.uk today, Imperial College, London charges the highest international student fees of any UK university, discounting the London Business School, which charges all students £29,500.

In 2008, the cost is on average £19,450 per year for an undergraduate degree in the sciences, but some courses, such as medicine, charge up to £30,000 and international postgraduate students will pay on average £24,250 per year for their courses.

Heythrop College charges the lowest undergraduate fees, at £5,490 per year for both arts and science courses. Meanwhile, Trinity College, Carmarthen charges the lowest fees of £6,500 per year for both arts and science postgraduate courses.

Notes

n/a = no information available
* = further explanation in the table notes (xls)

For Scottish institutions, home/EU fees refer to the cost of tuition for students from England.

Undergraduate fees for international students (£)
Institution Standard
home/EU
fee
Arts
classroom based courses
Science
lab based courses
Aberdeen 1775* 9000 11250
Abertay 1775 8150 8150
Aberystwyth 3145 8475 10750
Anglia Ruskin 3145 9300 10925
Aston 3145 9500 11570*
Bangor 3145 8500 9500
Bath 3145 10000 12750
Bath Spa 3145 9000-9580 9000-9580
Bedfordshire 3145 8000 8200
Birkbeck na na na
Birmingham 3145 9450* 12250*
Birmingham (BCU) 3145 8800 8800
Birmingham Conservatoire 3145 12500 12500
Birmingham, University College 3145 7100 7100
Bishop Grosseteste UC 3145 7725 7725
Bolton 3145 7800 7800
Bournemouth 3145 7500* 8500
Bournemouth, Arts Institute 3145 8500 8500
Bradford 3145 8325 10755
Brighton 3145 9000 10500
Bristol 3145 10200 13100
Brunel 3145 8300 10200
Buckingham 7500 13500 13500
Bucks New University 3145 7500 8100
Cambridge 3145 13747* 16768*
Canterbury Christ Church 3145 7650 7650
Cardiff 3145* 9100 11700
Central School 3145 12565 12565
Chester 3145 7182 7830-8388
Chichester 3145 7400 8200
City 3145 8500 11080
City College Norwich 3145 6090 6090*
Conservatoire for Dance and Drama (CDD) 3145 13340 13340
CDD - Bristol Old Vic Theatre School (BOVTS) 3145 13340 13340
CDD - Central School of Ballet (CSB) 3145 13340 13340
CDD - The Circus Space (TCS) 3145 13340 13340
CDD - London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art (LAMDA) 3145 13340 13340
CDD - London Contemporary Dance School (LCDS) 3145 13340 13340
CDD - Northern School of Contemporary Dance (NCSD) 3145 13340 13340
CDD - Rambert School of Ballet and Contemporary Dance 3145 13340 13340
CDD - Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) 3145 13340 13340
Courtauld Institute 3145 11804 11804
Coventry 3145 7900 7900
Cranfield will not participate in survey na na
Cumbria 3145 7900 7900
Dartington
- -
De Montfort 3145 7990 8955
Derby 3155 7600 8200
Dundee 1735 8500 10500
Durham 3145 10050 13110
Edge Hill 3145 7900 7900
Edinburgh 1775* 10500 13800
Edinburgh College of Art 1775 9630 9630
Essex 3145 9250 11990
European Business School 11750 11750 11750
Exeter 3145 9600 11655
Falmouth UC 3145 8270 8710
Glamorgan 3145 9000 9000
Glasgow 1775 9400 12350
Glasgow Caledonian 1775 8500* 10000
Glasgow School of Art 1775 9600 10560*
Gloucestershire 3145 8200 8200
Goldsmiths 3145 9580/10050 12260/13290
Greenwich 2835 8650 8650
Guildhall 3145 14500 14500
Harper Adams 3145 8200 8200
Heriot-Watt 1775 9000 11350
Hertfordshire 3145 8500 8500
Heythrop College 3145 5490 5490
Huddersfield 3145 8000 9000
Hull 3145 8500 10500
Imperial College 3145 15500 19450
Keele 3145 9000 10200/11300
Kent 3145 9870 11990
Kings College London 3145 12125 15225
Kingston 3145 9000 10050
Lampeter 3145 8988 8988
Lancaster 3145 9200 11100*
Leeds 3145 9700* 12600
Leeds College of Music 3145 9800 9800
Leeds Met 2000 7500 7500/8300
Leeds Trinity 2390 7425 7975
Leicester 3145 9050* 12100*
Lincoln 3145 8524 9036
Liverpool 3145 9100* 11650*
Liverpool Hope 3145 6600 6600
Liverpool John Moores 3145 8320 8950
London Business School na na na
London Met 3145 8220 8200
London School of Economics 3145 12160 12160
London School of Hygiene na na na
London South Bank 3145 8360 8600
Loughborough 3145 9850 12800
Manchester 3145 10500 12900
Manchester Met 3145 7785 8420
Middlesex 3145 9200 9440
Napier 1790 8860 9990
Newcastle 3145 9915 12970
Newman College 3145 7500 7500
Newport 3145 7450 8450*
North East Wales Institute 3145 7100 7100
Northampton 3145 7450 8500
Northumbria 3145 8300 8700
Norwich School of Art 3145 8750 8750
Nottingham 3145 10200 13500
Nottingham Trent 3145 8450 9600
Open University all modular fees

Oxford 3145 16195 17800
Oxford Brookes 3145 9400* 10050
Plymouth 3145 8250 8750
Portsmouth 3145 8350* 9650
Queen Margaret 1775 8800 9700
Queen Mary 3145 9000 10900
Queen's, Belfast 3145 8970 10990
Ravensbourne College 3145 8600 8600
Reading 3145 9350 11300
Regents Business School 11250 11250 11250
Richmond 14000 14000 14000
Robert Gordon 1775 9050 11350*
Roehampton 3145 8875 8875
Rose Bruford College 3145 11025 11025
Royal Academy of Music 3145 15500 15500
Royal Agricultural College 3145 7300 7300
Royal College of Art na na na
Royal College of Music 3145 15280 15280
Royal Holloway 3145 11555 12785
Royal Northern College of Music 3145 13150* 14300*
Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama 1775 11499 11499
Royal Veterinary College 3145 8030* 18400*
Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama 3145 10720 10720
Salford 3145 8400 10500
School of Pharmacy 3145* 12300 12300
Scottish Agricultural College (SAC) 1755 7400 7400
Sheffield 3145 9920 13050
Sheffield Hallam 3145 8100 9575
SOAS 3145 11460 11460
Southampton 3145 9380 12000
Southampton Solent 3145 8200 8200
St Andrews 1775 11350 11350
St Mark & St John (Marjon) 2300/2825* 8000 8000
St Mary's UC, Belfast * 3145 8900 8900
St Mary's UC, Twickenham 3145 7200 7200
Staffordshire 3145 8850 8850
Stirling 1775 11200 11200
Stranmillis UC 3145 8970 8970
Strathclyde 1775 8930 11465
Sunderland 3145 8150 8150
Surrey 3145* 8600* 11000*
Sussex 3145 9500 12150
Swansea 3145 9010 11460
Swansea Metropolitan 3145 6950 6950
Teesside 3145 8000* 8500*
Thames Valley 3145 7600 8900
Trinity College Carmarthen 3145 6500 6500
Trinity Laban - Laban 3145* 12950 12950
Trinity Laban - Trinity 3145 12950 12950
UCL 3145 11810 15460
UEA 3145 9300 11500
UHI 1735 6410 7565
Ulster 3145 8540 8540
University College for the Creative Arts 3145 8190 8190
University of Central Lancashire 3145 8950 9450
University of East London 3145 9000 9240
University of the Arts London (UAL) 3145 10400 10400
UAL - Camberwell 3145 10400 10400
UAL - Central Saint Martins 3145 10400 10400
UAL - Chelsea College 3145 10400 10400
UAL - Communication 3145 10400 10400
UAL - Fashion 3145 10400 10400
UAL - Wimbledon 3145 10400 10400
UWE, Bristol 3145 8250 8700
UWIC 3145 7500 8500
Warwick 3145 10250 13350
Westminster 3145 9450 9450
West of Scotland 1775 7500 8300
Winchester 3145 7549 7549
Wolverhampton 3145 8200 8350
Worcester 3145 8000 8000
Writtle College 2835 7500 7500
York 3145 9510 12555
York St John 3145 7800* 10800*






International student fees 2008-9




Notes

na = no information available
* = further explanation in the table notes (xls)

For Scottish institutions, home/EU fees refer to the cost of tuition for students from England.

Postgraduate fees for international students (£)
Institution Standard
home/EU
fee
Arts
classroom based courses
Science
lab based courses
Aberdeen 3315 9000 11250
Abertay 3315 8650 8650
Aberystwyth 3300 8475 10750
Anglia Ruskin 1550-7800 9300 10925
Aston 3325-8950 8570 12950
Bangor 3400 8500 9850
Bath 4000 10300 13150
Bath Spa 3970 9000 10950
Bedfordshire 4150-4450 8200 8700
Birkbeck 3330 12336 15534
Birmingham 4200* 9450 12250
Birmingham (BCU) 4700 9400 9400
Birmingham Conservatoire 5590 12500 12500
Birmingham, University College 2200 7450 7450
Bishop Grosseteste UC 2310 7725 7725
Bolton 3717-4755 7800 7800
Bournemouth 3800* 7500* 11000
Bournemouth, Arts Institute 3450 8500 8500
Bradford 3960 8500 11000*
Brighton 3630 9500 11000
Bristol 3950 10200 13100
Brunel 3315* 8500 8750
Buckingham 8800* 8800 12200
Bucks New University 3840 7700* 9900
Cambridge 5434* 11371* 14353*
Canterbury Christ Church 4050 8355 8355
Cardiff 3300-11130 9100 11700*
Central School 6772 12937 12937
Chester 3510* 7182 9540
Chichester 3125/3825 7400 8200
City 3300* 7950 19500
City College Norwich na na na
Conservatoire for Dance and Drama (CDD) 4000 13340 13340
CDD - Bristol Old Vic Theatre School (BOVTS) 4000 13340 13340
CDD - Central School of Ballet (CSB) 4000 13340 13340
CDD - The Circus Space (TCS) 4000 13340 13340
CDD - London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art (LAMDA) 4000 13340 13340
CDD - London Contemporary Dance School (LCDS) 4000 13340 13340
CDD - Northern School of Contemporary Dance (NCSD) 4000 13340 13340
CDD - Rambert School of Ballet and Contemporary Dance 4000 13340 13340
CDD - Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) 4000 13340 13340
Courtauld Institute 3400* 11894 14437*
Coventry 3420-4230 8600 9100*
Cranfield
? ?
Cumbria 3330 8250 8250
Dartington
- -
De Montfort 3315* 7990 8955
Derby modular 8200 12290
Dundee 3250 tbc 8000 13500
Durham 3996* 10150* 11025
Edge Hill 1600-3600* 7900 7900
Edinburgh 4600 10650 14000
Edinburgh College of Art 3315-4975 9630 9630
Essex 3500* 9990 9990
European Business School 11950 11950 11950
Exeter 4000 - 8250 9600 12240
Falmouth UC 3440-4655 10145 10145
Glamorgan 3300 9980 9980
Glasgow 3750 9400 9400
Glasgow Caledonian 3315 9000 10500
Glasgow School of Art 3315 10440 10440
Gloucestershire 3445* 8720 8720
Goldsmiths 3300/6320 9580 13290
Greenwich 3600-7410 8900 10600
Guildhall 6600 14500 14500
Harper Adams 4315 8730 8730
Heriot-Watt 3790 9450 11810
Hertfordshire 3833 9500 9500
Heythrop College 3453 8680 8680
Huddersfield 3900 8500 9500
Hull 3300 8500 10500
Imperial College 3300* 16750 24250
Keele 3300 8800 8800
Kent 3500 9870 11990
Kings College London 3900 9100 17750
Kingston 3400* 9000* 11000
Lampeter 3300* 9744 9744
Lancaster 3530 9200 11100
Leeds 3300 9700* 12600
Leeds College of Music 3900 9800 9800
Leeds Met 3400* 8000 8300
Leeds Trinity 1590 7975 7975
Leicester 3300* 9050* 12100*
Lincoln 3338 8730 9243
Liverpool 3300 9100* 11650*
Liverpool Hope 3360-5640 6600 9420
Liverpool John Moores 3145 8320 8950
London Business School 29700* 29700* 29700*
London Met 4960 9000 9000
London School of Economics 9144* 13452* 21600
London School of Hygiene 4640* 14600 16440
London South Bank 3890* 8845 9355
Loughborough 3350 9850 12800
Manchester 10500 12900 12900
Manchester Met 3320* 8420 8420
Middlesex 3300* 9400 10720
Napier 3675-5020 9180 10665
Newcastle 4070 9915 12970
Newman College 3145 ? ?
Newport 4350 8450 8450
North East Wales Institute 3300 8300 8300
Northampton 3600-4500 7950 8700
Northumbria 3996 8300 9950
Norwich School of Art 3300 8750 8750
Nottingham 3750* 10200* 10200*
Nottingham Trent 3145* 7550 10800
Open University


Oxford 5200* 13105 14710
Oxford Brookes 3990* 9570 10590
Plymouth 3950 8950 9850
Portsmouth 3300 8350* 9650
Queen Margaret 3315 8800 9700
Queen Mary 3964 9000 11100
Queen's, Belfast 3319 8970 10990
Ravensbourne College 3400 9500 9500
Reading 3575-15750 9350 15750
Regents Business School 11950 11950 11950
Richmond 15000 15000 15000
Robert Gordon 3315-7712 9200 13800
Roehampton 3700-6500 9000 9000
Rose Bruford College 6000 11025 11025
Royal Academy of Music 7600-10000* 16200 18500
Royal Agricultural College 5125-6650 7650 8700
Royal College of Art 4780 22850 22850
Royal College of Music 6552* 15280* 16545
Royal Holloway 3300 11555 12785
Royal Northern College of Music 6600* 13150 14300
Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama 5226* 11499 12498
Royal Veterinary College 4640-7820 14600 18240
Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama 4980 10720 10720
Salford 3300 8400 10500
School of Pharmacy 4400* 13370 13370
Scottish Agricultural College (SAC) 3600 12350 12350
Sheffield 3300* 9920 13050
Sheffield Hallam 3300* 8100 11900
SOAS 4090* 11460 12030
Southampton 3300 9380 12000
Southampton Solent 2675-3400 8495 8495
St Andrews 3315* 11000* 13250
St Mark & St John (Marjon) 3320 8350 8350
St Mary's UC, Belfast * na na na
St Mary's UC, Twickenham 3090* 7200* 9600
Staffordshire tba 9395 9875
Stirling 4200* 9200* 9200
Stranmillis UC 3320 8970 8970
Strathclyde 3235 8930 11465
Sunderland 3965 8600 8600
Surrey 3600* 8600 13300
Sussex 4100 9500 12150
Swansea 3300 9010 11460
Swansea Metropolitan 3160 7550 7550
Teesside 3950 8250* 8750*
Thames Valley 4350* 8650* 10150*
Trinity College Carmarthen 3150 6500 6500
Trinity Laban - Laban 4850* 12950 13950
Trinity Laban - Trinity 6600 12950* 13950*
UCL 3300 12940 16870
UEA 3240 9500 11700
UHI 3235 7280 9150
Ulster 3420 8649 8649
University College for the Creative Arts 3360 9125 9125
University of Central Lancashire 3300* 8950 9450
University of East London 4560-9600 8400 14220
University of the Arts London (UAL) 3300 10400 10400
UAL - Camberwell 3300 10400 10400
UAL - Central Saint Martins 3300 10400 10400
UAL - Chelsea College 3300 10400 10400
UAL - Communication 3300 10400 10400
UAL - Fashion 3300 10400 10400
UAL - Wimbledon 3300 10400 10400
UWE, Bristol tba 8250 8700
UWIC 3330 8800 8800
Warwick 5330* 10250 13350
Westminster 3800-13750 9750 13750
West of Scotland 3315 7500 8300
Winchester 3883 8070 8070
Wolverhampton 3418* 8200 8350
Worcester 3600 8000 8000
Writtle College 3645 8000 8000
York 3300 9510 12555
York St John 3833 7800 7800



So, what's the attraction?



For Americans, it's St Andrews, while the Chinese like Manchester. Jessica Shepherd reveals the university hotspots where different student nationalities congregate

Tuesday May 20, 2008
The Guardian


US in St Andrews



For the French and Spanish students, it's the North East Wales Institute. For the Chinese, it's Loughborough University. And for the Irish and Nigerians, it's the Robert Gordon University in Aberdeen. Today Education Guardian exclusively reveals which UK universities are the hotspots for 20 different nationalities of overseas student.

Data from the Higher Education Statistics Agency reveals the universities with the largest communities of South Koreans, Greeks, Indians, Italians, Malaysians and others.

International students often cluster together at particular - unexpected - universities.

Why, for example, do almost 10% of all Spanish students in the UK go to the North East Wales Institute, which has just 7,300 students? Why are 510 of Robert Gordon University's 13,000 students from Nigeria? So many that Amina Deji-Loguleko, a Robert Gordon student from Nigeria, says back home Robert Gordon is jokingly referred to as the "other University of Ibadan [Nigeria's oldest university]".

Why is Nottingham such a hit with students from Hong Kong - 465 of whom are there out of 9,640 in the UK?

And the same could be asked of Oxford University for Canadians, the University of Westminster for Poles, Sheffield Hallam University for Malaysians, and the University of Greenwich for Indians.

Our data is from 2006-07 - the latest available - and is of undergraduates and postgraduates living and studying at universities in the UK. The students may be in any year of their courses.

We interviewed students from the hotspots and those who work in the international offices of universities to find out how these clusters have come about.

They turned up surprising answers. For Greek students, word has gone out that there are high-profile Greek professors at City University's business school, Cass. Panagota Pouri, a master's student at City who is from Athens, says this has helped make the university a Greek hotspot.

Dr Tim Westlake, Manchester University's director of student recruitment, admissions and international development, says the city of Manchester's brand and its football teams have played a big part in making the university attractive to Chinese students.

Yukino Kobayashi, an undergraduate at the University of the Arts, who is from Saitama in Japan, says the fact that the University of the Arts holds interviews for its courses in Osaka and Tokyo has encouraged nearly 9% of all Japanese students in the UK to go there: "If you say you are going to study in London, people in Japan assume it's at the University of the Arts."

For other hotspots, it's more a matter of historic links. The University of St Andrews has had links with North America since before 1759, when it awarded an honorary degree to Benjamin Franklin. Maybe golf has also got something to do with the fact that it is so popular with US students.

For others still, it's the links universities have forged with other institutions abroad. One of the main reasons Sheffield Hallam University is the hotspot for Malaysian students is its nine-year partnership with the Tunku Abdul Rahman College in Kuala Lumpur. The college's students come to Hallam for 14 weeks over the summer and top up their credits to gain a degree.

Felix Richter, from Germany, says he is at Anglia Ruskin University because his international business undergraduate degree from the Berlin school of economics involves two years at Anglia Ruskin.

The North East Wales Institute's links with Universidad de Zaragoza, Universitat de Cataluña and Universidad de Salamanca have helped bring in Spaniards.

Robert Gordon attracts Nigerians because it is "the oil capital of Europe", says Tahir Raji, an MBA student at Robert Gordon who is from Adamawa in Nigeria. The Nigerian oil industry means big business for graduates.

Most popular regions

Education Guardian also looked at which regions of the UK were the most popular for each of 20 nationalities.

London came top with 25% of the UK's 351,470 international students choosing to study there. Next was the south-east with 11% and Scotland with 10.6%. Northern Ireland came last with 1.5%.

Five years earlier, the top three regions were the same, but the West Midlands was in sixth place, whereas it now is fourth. The north-west has slipped from fourth to sixth place.

For each nationality, we calculated the three most popular regions of the UK, and compared this with the three most popular five years ago. We found Scotland had gone up hugely in overseas students' estimations.

Jenny Fernandes, chair of the Scottish Universities International Group, confirms that Scottish universities have increased their efforts to recruit internationally in the past few years. This is partly because Scotland has an ageing population and an increasingly smaller pool of school-leavers.

To compensate for this and encourage international students to settle there, it started the Fresh Talent initiative in 2005. This has allowed international students to stay and work in Scotland for two years after the end of their courses without needing a work permit. In the rest of the UK, international students can stay just one year. This summer, however, the playing field will be levelled and it will be two years for everyone.

But it would be wrong to assume that all nationalities would choose London, the south-east or Scotland above anywhere else in the UK. Around 15% of Malaysians choose to go to Yorkshire and the Humber, compared with 14% who go to London.

Lee Cheah Leong, 26, from Malaysia and studying for an Msc in international business and management at Sheffield Hallam, says: "I've been to London twice but I prefer Sheffield. The hectic life in London is not for me. The living cost is high and everything is expensive. I have some friends there and their rent alone is enough for my entire expenses for a month in Sheffield."

For some nationalities, however, being in London is seen as essential. A third of Pakistani students choose to be in the capital, and the figure is 38.5% for Italian students, 37.8% for Japanese and 43.2% for South Korean.

In terms of universities, the hotspots have changed in the last five years. More Chinese students used to go to the University of Central Lancashire than anywhere else, now Loughborough University is top.

Middlesex University bagged the hotspot for Indian students five years ago, but now it's been pushed out by Greenwich. Thames Valley University was top for Irish students and now it's Robert Gordon. Portsmouth was top for Greek students and now it's City University in London.

Other nationalities don't change as much. Oxford University is the hotspot for Canadian students, as it was five years ago. Nottingham has the most Thai students and did five years ago too.

For countries that have been incorporated into the European Union, there is a change. Polish students, whose numbers have gone up more than nine-fold in the past five years, used to go predominantly to the University of Westminster and to Oxbridge. Now the Poles' top three - in order - are Westminster, Bedfordshire and Coventry. It would seem that while previously Polish students were on postgraduate courses, now they are undergraduates.

Students becoming sophisticated

Professor Paul Wellings is the vice-chancellor of Lancaster University and chair of the international and European policy committee of the vice-chancellors' umbrella group, Universities UK. He says our hotspot data is encouraging. "It's good to have these hotspots. It tells you about the relationships universities have with countries. The alternative is mass recruitment, which works for a while, but may not be the most stable position."

Dominic Scott, chief executive of the UK Council for International Student Affairs, says: "It's good to see the diversity of choice and to know that students are becoming more sophisticated and learning that there are good institutions outside the golden triangle of Oxbridge and London."

But, hang on a minute. If international students can move from Portsmouth University to City University in five years, surely they can move on to the University of Stuttgart, too, in another five years.

"Whether they move on comes down to the quality of the sector, to the teaching being world-class and to the marketing and recruitment," says Wellings. "Yes, if we become complacent about our diversity, we might feel a cold breeze."

Top recruiters

The universities with the largest numbers of international students.

2006-07 (latest figures)

1. Manchester University 8345

2. Nottingham University 7710

3. Warwick University 7435

4. Oxford University 6555

5. City University 6380

6. Cambridge University 6340

7. University College London 6135

8. London School of Economics 5980

9. Westminster University 5735

10. Birmingham University 5505

Grand total of international students in all years (ie not just in their first year) at all universities in the UK and including undergraduates and postgraduates was 351,470.

2001-02

1. Middlesex University 5395

2. Cambridge University 5125

3. Birmingham University 4815

4. Oxford University 4735

5. London School of Economics 4640

6. Warwick University 4635

7. Nottingham University 4560

8. Leeds University 4430

9. Westminster University 4230

10. University College London 4040

Grand total of international students in all years (ie not just in their first year) at all universities in the UK and including undergraduates and postgraduates was 242,755.



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